|Total Inability or Total Depravity|
|Statement of Doctrine
"Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation; so as a natural man, being altogether adverse from good, and dead in sin, is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto." Westminster Confession of Faith, Ch. IX, Sec. III
1 Corinthians 2:14; Ephesians 2:1-3; Jeremiah 13:23; Psalm 51:5; Romans 3:10-12
Extent and Effects of Original Sin
The Fall of Man
Adam was placed in a covenant of works within the Garden of Eden. He directly disobeyed God and took of the forbidden fruit. Spiritual death followed for him and his posterity, humankind.
The Representative Principle
"Adam was made not only the father but also the representative of the whole human race." The human race is liable for his punishment although not personally guilty of Adam's sin. Guilt of Adam's sin is charged to the account of each and every descendant. Human nature is spiritually dead, although it retains its constitutional faculties (i.e. reason, conscience, and free agency) and so man remains morally responsible.
| Total Inability | Unconditional Election | Limited Atonement |
Irresistible Grace |
Perseverance of the Saints