|When Was the "Day of Atonement in 1844"?
by Robert K. Sanders
Why is the accuracy of these dates important?
It is important to Seventh-day Adventists to maintain October 22, 1844 as the Day of Atonement regardless of historical documents that bear out September 23, 1844 as the Day of Atonement. The reason for this is their prophet Ellen G. White, had confirmed October 22, 1844 as the Day of Atonement. If the October date is false then the Seventh-day Adventists would have to concede that their prophet endorsed a false date for Day of Atonement. Ellen G. Whites Sanctuary and Investigative Judgment doctrines would also be incorrect. October 22, 1844 is the date she believed and taught from vision, that Jesus and the Father moved from the Holy Apartment to the Most Holy Apartment to begin the Investigative Judgment and the cleansing of the Sanctuary. Ellen G. White states her beliefs:
Ellen G. White is saying:
The first quote from The Great Controversy is from the chapter titled, Prophecies Fulfilled. It is amusing to say the least not one of these prophecies was fulfilled as well as having the date incorrect for the Day of Atonement and Christ's coming. Did God order two false dates, the 1843 failure and the 1844 failure?
It is no wonder the October 22, 1844 is called, "The Great Disappointment." Wm. Miller and his followers including Mrs. White would not have been disappointed if only they believed the Word of God, that no one knows the day and hour of Christ's return. They were disappointed that they could not make a liar out of God, and God was true to his Word.
The Day of Atonement in 1844 according to Jewish Encyclopedia?
"The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia" 1939 vol. 2, lists holidays, feasts and fasts as follows for September:
1 Rosh Hashanah (New Year)
2 Second Day of Rosh Hashanah
10 Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
Tishri I Sept. 14, 1844
Heshvan I Oct. 14, 1844
Kislev I Nov. 12, 1844
Tebeth Dec. 11, 1844
From the above data from the "The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia" 1939 Vol. 2, the first day of Tishri begins on September 14th of our calendar. Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) begins 10 days later, Tuesday September 24, 1844. Using the Biblical and Jewish reckoning, the day begins at evening or sunset. The Day of Atonement would begin the evening of Monday September 23, 1844 and not October 22, as claimed by Ellen G. White.
Calendar September 1844
Verification of the Day of Atonement in 1844:
Purdue University Professor Susan Prohofsky, Director of the Hillel Foundation. Purdue University is a State University in West Lafayette, Indiana. In 1992 Professor Prohofsky researched the Day of Atonement in 1844 on a computer program called "Inter Luach" (Hebrew for Lunar Calendar). Her findings were that the September 23, 1844 was the Day of Atonement. She also stated that, "the Day of Atonement never came as late as the month of October."
"Will October 22, 1844 Bear Investigation?"
By E.S. Ballenger
"Oct. 22, 1844 has been a crucial time with SDAs since their pioneers fixed upon it for the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ; and they still stand tenaciously for this date in spite of all facts to the contrary. The Day of Atonement fell on Sept. 23, in 1844 instead of Oct. 22. This can be easily demonstrated by consulting any Jewish almanac of that time, or any orthodox Jewish authority. They celebrate the Day of Atonement in 1844 on Sept. 23.
The defenders of the creed declare that while the orthodox Jews may have celebrated the Day of Atonement on Sept. 23, the Karaite Jews observed it on Oct 22. We have made careful investigation, and we find that this is a false claim. The leading Karaite rabbi of Cairo, Egypt, Youseff Ibrahim Marzork, in reply to an inquiry as to the day on which they celebrated the atonement in 1844, wrote:
"As to the dates of the Passover and Yom Kippur they are the following:
"According to the Karaite Jews in the year 1843 the Yom Kippur is on Wednesday the 4th October, and just the same date according to the Rabbinical." "In the year 1844 it is on Monday 23rd September for the Karaite and Rabbinical."
If being ignorant of the movement of Christ from the holy to the most holy was such a great sin that their prayers were answered by the devil how about Mrs. White and her followers who continued to pray just the same as these condemned people did for a month after Christ made His move. If Christ made this transfer on the Day of Atonement in 1844, then He moved on Sept. 23, that is, twenty-nine days before Mrs. White and her followers knew that he had moved. If the other group who continued to direct their prayers to the same place between Sept. 23 and Oct. 22?
Yes, this extremely ridiculous; but you cannot escape the fact that according to S.D.A. teachings, either Mrs. White was mistaken in claiming that one class of people were praying to the devil, or else she and her followers were praying to the same devil for a month after Sept. 23, the Day of Atonement in 1844." The Gathering Call by E.S. Ballenger, May-June 1941, pp. 14-15.
Did Ellen G. White and her followers pray to Satan for a month as claimed by Pastor E. S. Ballenger? Ellen G. White answers:
"Samuel S. Snow Inventor of the October 22, 1844 Fiasco."
From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia Volume 10, p. 1357.
"SNOW, SAMUEL S. (1806-1870). A Congregationalist, then a skeptic, later a Millerite minister; initiator of the "seventh-month movement." Beginning with an article written Feb. 16, 1843, he emphasized the tenth day of the Jewish seventh month, Tishri, the Jewish Day of Atonement, as the true ending date of the prophetic 2300 years. Later he set forth the specific day as Oct. 22, 1844, our calendar equivalent of the tenth day of the seventh month in that year according to the old Karaite Jewish calendar. At first there was but little interest or response, but when Snow preached on July 21 in the large Boston Tabernacle on the text, "Behold, the bridegroom cometh [on the tenth day of the seventh month]; go ye out to meet him," some began to be roused."
Then soon after, at a large camp meeting held at Exeter, New Hampshire, Aug. 12-17, Snow's presentation was whole heartedly received. But the prominent leaders elsewhere regarded his message with marked reserve. Nevertheless, the "seventh month" message spread with seemingly irresistible power.
Snow published the True Midnight Cry (four pages), at Haverhill, Massachusetts, on Aug. 22. It was filled with brief but convincing arguments. His preaching of the definite time was soon taken up by hundreds of Milletite preachers, while Snow himself lectured continuously throughout the East. One by one the outstanding leaders joined in the swelling chorus.
In common with all Adventists, Snow was deeply disappointed in the failure of the Bridegroom to descend from heaven on Oct. 22. For a brief time he questioned as to whether a mistake had been made in the prophetic reckoning of the year.
However, he soon began to preach strange doctrines, and published a paper, the Jubilee Standard, from March to August, 1845. Sharp conflicts developed between him and the Millerites, as lie went on into extreme fanaticism and finally proclaimed himself to be Elijah the prophet. He soon separated himself from Adventism in every form." The Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia vol. 10, p. 1357
Source: "Atonement, Day of," The Standard Jewish Encyclopedia (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1959), pp. 190,191.
[p. 190] Atonement, Day of (Heb. Yom Kippur): Solemn fast day observed on Tishri 10, described in Lev. 23:32 as a "Sabbath of solemn rest" ... Seventh-day Adventist Bible Students Source Book, vol. 9, p. 61.
From the above data from Jewish sources, the Seventh-day Adventist Church is aware that the Day of Atonement fell on September 23, 1844, but continues with the false date of October 22, 1844 to prop up their prophet Ellen G. White. There is no way Tishri 10 can come in October.
White Estate Denies September 23, 1844 Date
In a letter to Mr. Paul Gorden Director of the White Estate, dated June 20, 1994. I asked, "did Satan answer EGWs prayers for thirty days? Do you believe that Ellen White was mistaken on the Day of Atonement in 1844? It was not Oct. 22, but Sept. 23, 1844 reported Susan Prohofsky, Purdue University Director of the Hillel Foundation, who researched the Day of Atonement on the computer program called, INTER LAUCH."
Mr. Gordons reply: "I have no particular confidence in the professor you have quoted. There is abundant evidence that this would contradict her claim. I would not hang my belief of September 23 on the words of a single professor."
Readers notice: Mr. Gordon offers only that there is abundant evidence to contradict the professor's claim. Mr. Gordon offers not one shred of evidence that the professor is in error nor does he offer any data to show October 22 is accurate. The Seventh-day Adventist Church has yet to offer proof that October 22, was the Karaite date, for the Day of Atonement or that it was different than the Orthodox Jewish date.
Froom tries to justify the late October 22 date in Exhibit E and F, p. 792, Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers. But Froom offers no documents to show that the Karaites held a different date that the Rabbinical Jews.
Visit Truth or Fables at:
http://www.truthorfables.com/ - Exposing Seventh-day Adventist Fables